Elections

Bihar Assembly Elections 2020 Schedule

Phase 1Phase 2Phase 3
Date of issue of gazette notificationOct-01Oct-09Oct-13
Last date of nominationOct-08Oct-16Oct-20
Scrutiny of nominationOct-09Oct-17Oct-21
Last date of withdrawal of candidatureOct-12Oct-19Oct-23
Date of PollingOct-28Nov-03Nov-07
ResultsNov-10Nov-10Nov-10
constituency

About Indian Elections

India is a democratic country where elections are held for the Parliament, legislative assemblies and various local bodies that govern their respective areas. In a normal case, elections for the Parliament and state legislative assemblies are held every five years. Elections for one-third of the seats of the upper house of the Parliament, the Rajya Sabha, are conducted every two years. The Election Commission of India is the body that conducts polls.

Members of lower houses of the Parliament and state legislative assemblies, known as Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha respectively, are elected directly by people. Members of Rajya Sabha are elected indirectly by the state legislative assemblies based on proportional representation. Similarly, Members of state legislative councils, also known as Vidhan Parishad, are elected indirectly through local bodies.

The Prime Minister of India is elected by members of the Lok Sabha. Likewise, the Chief Minister is elected by members of Vidhan Sabha. The President of India is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of and the legislative assemblies of each state.

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PartyColor

Past Lok Sabha Election Results

Year Election Seats Leading Party
2019 17th Lok Sabha 303 / 542 BJP
2014 16th Lok Sabha 282 / 545 BJP
2009 15th Lok Sabha 206 / 545 INC
2004 14th Lok Sabha 145 / 543 INC
1999 13th Lok Sabha 182 / 545 BJP
1998 12th Lok Sabha 182 / 545 BJP
1996 11th Lok Sabha 161 / 543 BJP
1991 10th Lok Sabha 244 / 521 INC
1989 9th Lok Sabha 195 / 529 INC
1984 8th Lok Sabha 404 / 514 INC
1977 6th Lok Sabha 298 / 542 JP
1971 5th Lok Sabha 352 / 518 INC
1967 4th Lok Sabha 283 / 520 INC
1962 3rd Lok Sabha 361 / 494 INC
1957 2nd Lok Sabha 371 / 494 INC
1951 1st Lok Sabha 364 / 489 INC
Assembly Elections : Current Statewise Ruling Parties
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PartyColor

Past Assembly Election Results

Year State Seats Leading Party
2019 Sikkim 17 / 32 SKM
2019 Andhra Pradesh 151 / 175 YSRCP
2019 Odisha 112 / 147 BJD
2019 Arunachal Pradesh 40 / 60 BJP
2019 Maharashtra 105 / 288 BJP
2019 Haryana 40 / 90 BJP
2019 Jharkhand 47 / 81 JMM+INC
2018 Karnataka 104 / 224 BJP
2018 Tripura 35 / 59 BJP
2018 Nagaland 27 / 60 NPF
2018 Meghalaya 21 / 60 INC
2017 Punjab 77 / 117 INC
2017 Uttar pradesh 312 / 403 BJP
2017 Uttarakhand 57 / 70 BJP
2017 Manipur 28 / 60 INC
2017 Himachal Pradesh 44 / 68 BJP
2017 Gujarat 99 / 182 BJP
2017 Goa 17 / 40 INC
2016 Assam 60 / 126 BJP
2016 Kerala 58 / 140 CPI(M)
2016 Pondicherry 15 / 30 INC
2016 Tamil Nadu 134 / 232 AIADMK
2016 West Bengal 211 / 294 AITC
2015 Bihar 80 / 243 RJD
2015 Delhi 67 / 70 AAP
2014 Jammu and Kashmir 28 / 87 JKPDP
2014 Telangana 63 / 119 TRS
2014 Odisha 117 / 147 BJD
2014 Arunachal Pradesh 42 / 60 INC
2014 Andhra Pradesh 117 / 294 TDP
2014 Sikkim 22 / 32 SDF
2014 Maharashtra 122 / 288 BJP
2014 Haryana 47 / 90 BJP
2014 Jharkhand 37 / 81 BJP
2013 Delhi 31 / 70 BJP
2013 Rajasthan 163 / 200 BJP
2013 Chhattisgarh 50 / 90 BJP
2013 Nagaland 38 / 60 NPF
2013 Karnataka 122 / 224 INC
2013 Tripura 49 / 60 CPI
2013 Meghalaya 29 / 60 INC
2013 Madhya Pradesh 165 / 230 BJP
2013 Mizoram 34 / 40 INC
2012 Goa 21 / 40 BJP
2012 Gujarat 119 / 182 BJP
2012 Himachal Pradesh 36 / 68 INC
2012 Manipur 42 / 60 INC
2012 Punjab 56 / 117 SAD
2012 Uttar pradesh 224 / 403 SP
2012 Uttarakhand 32 / 70 INC
2011 Assam 78 / 126 INC
2011 Kerala 45 / 140 CPM
2011 Pondicherry 15 / 30 AINRC
2011 Tamil Nadu 150 / 234 AIADMK
2011 West Bengal 184 / 294 AITC
2010 Bihar 115 / 243 JD(U)
2009 Maharashtra 82 / 288 INC
2009 Arunachal Pradesh 42 / 60 INC
2009 Haryana 40 / 90 INC
2009 Jharkhand 18 / 81 JMM
2009 Odisha 103 / 147 BJD
2009 Sikkim 32 / 32 SDF
2009 Andhra Pradesh 156 / 294 INC
2008 Delhi 43 / 70 INC
2008 Jammu and Kashmir 28 / 87 JKN
2008 Rajasthan 96 / 200 INC
2008 Chhattisgarh 50 / 90 BJP
2008 Nagaland 26 / 60 NPF
2008 Karnataka 110 / 224 BJP
2008 Madhya Pradesh 173 / 230 BJP
2008 Mizoram 32 / 40 INC
2008 Tripura 46 / 60 CPI
2008 Meghalaya 25 / 60 INC
2007 Goa 16 / 40 INC
2007 Gujarat 117 / 182 BJP
2007 Himachal Pradesh 41 / 68 BJP
2007 Manipur 30 / 60 INC
2007 Punjab 48 / 116 SAD
2007 Uttar pradesh 206 / 403 BSP
2007 Uttarakhand 34 / 69 BJP
2006 Assam 53 / 126 INC
2006 Kerala 61 / 140 CPM
2006 Pondicherry 10 / 30 INC
2006 Tamil Nadu 96 / 234 DMK
2006 West Bengal 176 / 294 CPI)(M)
2005 Bihar 75 / 243 RJD
2005 Haryana 67 / 90 INC
2005 Jharkhand 30 / 81 BJP
2004 Maharashtra 71 / 288 NCP
2004 Andhra Pradesh 185 / 294 INC
2004 Arunachal Pradesh 34 / 60 INC
2004 Odisha 61 / 147 BJD
2004 Sikkim 31 / 32 SDF
2004 Karnataka 79 / 224 BJP
2003 Delhi 47 / 70 INC
2003 Himachal Pradesh 43 / 68 INC
2003 Rajasthan 120 / 200 BJP
2003 Chhattisgarh 50 / 90 BJP
2003 Meghalaya 22 / 60 INC
2003 Nagaland 21 / 60 INC
2003 Madhya Pradesh 173 / 230 BJP
2003 Mizoram 21 / 40 MNF
2003 Tripura 38 / 60 CPM
2002 Goa 17 / 40 BJP
2002 Gujarat 127 / 182 BJP
2002 Jammu and Kashmir 28 / 87 JKN
2002 Manipur 20 / 60 INC
2002 Punjab 62 / 117 INC
2002 Uttar pradesh 143 / 403 SP
2002 Uttarakhand 36 / 70 INC
2001 Assam 71 / 126 INC
2001 Kerala 62 / 140 INC
2001 Pondicherry 11 / 30 INC
2001 Tamil Nadu 132 / 234 AIADMK
2001 West Bengal 143 / 294 CPI-M
2000 Bihar 124 / 324 RJD
2000 Haryana 47 / 90 INLD
2000 Manipur 23 / 60 MSCP
2000 Odisha 68 / 147 BJD
1999 Maharashtra 75 / 288 INC
1999 Arunachal Pradesh 53 / 60 INC
1999 Goa 22 / 40 INC
1999 Sikkim 24 / 32 SDF
1999 Karnataka 132 / 224 INC
1999 Andhra Pradesh 180 / 294 TDP
1998 Delhi 52 / 70 INC
1998 Gujarat 117 / 182 BJP
1998 Himachal Pradesh 31 / 68 BJP
1998 Rajasthan 153 / 200 INC
1998 Meghalaya 25 / 60 INC
1998 Nagaland 53 / 60 INC
1998 Madhya Pradesh 172 / 320 INC
1998 Mizoram 21 / 40 MNF
1998 Tripura 38 / 60 CPM
1997 Punjab 75 / 117 SAD
1996 Assam 59 / 122 AGP
1996 Haryana 33 / 90 HVP
1996 Jammu and Kashmir 57 / 87 JKN
1996 Kerala 55 / 140 INC
1996 Pondicherry 9 / 30 INC
1996 Tamil Nadu 173 / 234 DMK
1996 Uttar pradesh 174 / 424 BJP
1996 West Bengal 157 / 294 CPI-M
1995 Maharashtra 80 / 288 INC
1995 Arunachal Pradesh 43 / 60 INC
1995 Bihar 167 / 324 Janata Dal (Jd)
1995 Gujarat 121 / 182 BJP
1995 Manipur 22 / 60 INC
1995 Odisha 81 / 147 INC
1994 Andhra Pradesh 216 / 294 Telugu Desam Party
1994 Goa 18 / 40 INC
1994 Sikkim 19 / 32 SDF
1994 Karnataka 115 / 224 JD
1993 Delhi 49 / 70 BJP
1993 Himachal Pradesh 52 / 68 INC
1993 Rajasthan 95 / 199 BJP
1993 Uttar pradesh 177 / 425 BJP
1993 Nagaland 38 / 60 NPF
1993 Madhya Pradesh 174 / 320 INC
1993 Mizoram 16 / 40 INC
1993 Tripura 44 / 60 CPM
1993 Meghalaya 24 / 60 INC
1992 Punjab 87 / 117 INC
1991 Assam 66 / 126 INC
1991 Haryana 51 / 90 INC
1991 Kerala 55 / 140 INC
1991 Pondicherry 15 / 30 INC
1991 Tamil Nadu 164 / 234 AIADMK
1991 Uttar pradesh 221 / 425 BJP
1991 West Bengal 189 / 294 CPI-M
1990 Maharashtra 141 / 288 INC
1990 Arunachal Pradesh 37 / 60 INC
1990 Bihar 122 / 324 JD
1990 Gujarat 70 / 182 JD
1990 Himachal Pradesh 46 / 68 BJP
1990 Manipur 24 / 54 INC
1990 Odisha 123 / 147 Janata Dal
1990 Pondicherry 11 / 30 INC
1990 Rajasthan 85 / 200 BJP
1990 Madhya Pradesh 220 / 320 BJP
1989 Andhra Pradesh 181 / 294 INC
1989 Goa 20 / 40 INC
1989 Sikkim 32 / 32 SSP
1989 Tamil Nadu 150 / 234 DMK
1989 Uttar pradesh 208 / 425 JD
1989 Karnataka 178 / 224 INC
1987 Haryana 60 / 90 LKD
1987 Jammu and Kashmir 40 / 76 JKN
1987 Kerala 38 / 140 CPM
1987 West Bengal 187 / 294 CPI-M
1985 Maharashtra 161 / 288 INC
1985 Andhra Pradesh 202 / 294 Telugu Desam Party
1985 Assam 92 / 126 IND
1985 Bihar 196 / 324 INC
1985 Gujarat 149 / 182 INC
1985 Himachal Pradesh 58 / 68 INC
1985 Odisha 117 / 147 INC
1985 Punjab 73 / 117 SAD
1985 Pondicherry 15 / 30 INC(I)
1985 Rajasthan 113 / 200 INC
1985 Sikkim 30 / 32 SSP
1985 Uttar pradesh 269 / 425 INC
1985 Karnataka 139 / 224 JNP
1985 Madhya Pradesh 250 / 320 INC
1984 Arunachal Pradesh 21 / 30 INC
1984 Manipur 30 / 60 INC
1984 Tamil Nadu 132 / 234 ADK
1983 Assam 91 / 109 INC
1983 Delhi 34 / 56 INC
1983 Jammu and Kashmir 46 / 75 JKN
1983 Karnataka 95 / 224 JNP
1983 Andhra Pradesh 219 / 294 IND
1982 Haryana 36 / 90 INC
1982 Himachal Pradesh 31 / 68 INC
1982 Kerala 34 / 140 IND
1982 West Bengal 174 / 294 CPI-M
1980 Maharashtra 186 / 288 INC(I)
1980 Arunachal Pradesh 13 / 30 PPA
1980 Bihar 169 / 324 INC(I)
1980 Goa 20 / 30 INC(U)
1980 Gujarat 141 / 182 INC(I)
1980 Kerala 35 / 140 CPM
1980 Manipur 19 / 60 IND
1980 Odisha 118 / 147 INC(I)
1980 Punjab 63 / 117 INC(I)
1980 Pondicherry 14 / 30 DMK
1980 Rajasthan 133 / 200 INC(I)
1980 Tamil Nadu 129 / 234 ADK
1980 Uttar pradesh 309 / 425 INC (I)
1980 Madhya Pradesh 246 / 320 INC(I)
1979 Sikkim 16 / 32 SJP
1978 Maharashtra 99 / 288 JP
1978 Arunachal Pradesh 17 / 30 JNP
1978 Assam 53 / 126 JNP
1978 Karnataka 149 / 224 INC
1977 Bihar 214 / 324 JNP
1977 Delhi 46 / 56 JNP
1977 Goa 15 / 30 MAG
1977 Haryana 75 / 90 JNP
1977 Himachal Pradesh 53 / 68 JNP
1977 Jammu and Kashmir 47 / 76 JKN
1977 Kerala 38 / 140 INC
1977 Odisha 110 / 147 JP
1977 Punjab 58 / 117 SAD
1977 Pondicherry 14 / 30 ADK
1977 Rajasthan 152 / 200 JNP
1977 Tamil Nadu 130 / 234 ADK
1977 Uttar pradesh 352 / 425 JNP
1977 West Bengal 178 / 294 CPI-M
1977 Madhya Pradesh 230 / 320 JNP
1975 Gujarat 75 / 182 INC
1974 Manipur 20 / 60 MRP
1974 Odisha 69 / 146 INC
1974 Pondicherry 12 / 30 ADK
1974 Uttar pradesh 215 / 424 INC
1972 Maharashtra 222 / 270 INC
1972 Andhra Pradesh 219 / 287 INC
1972 Assam 95 / 114 INC
1972 Bihar 167 / 318 INC
1972 Delhi 44 / 56 INC
1972 Goa 18 / 30 MAG
1972 Gujarat 140 / 168 INC
1972 Haryana 52 / 81 INC
1972 Himachal Pradesh 53 / 68 INC
1972 Jammu and Kashmir 58 / 75 INC
1972 Manipur 19 / 60 IND
1972 Punjab 66 / 104 INC
1972 Rajasthan 145 / 184 INC
1972 West Bengal 216 / 280 INC
1972 Karnataka 149 / 216 INC
1972 Madhya Pradesh 220 / 296 BJS
1971 Odisha 51 / 140 INC
1971 Tamil Nadu 184 / 234 DMK
1971 West Bengal 113 / 279 CPI-M
1970 Kerala 30 / 133 INC
1969 Bihar 118 / 318 INC
1969 Punjab 43 / 104 SAD
1969 Pondicherry 15 / 30 DMK
1969 Uttar pradesh 211 / 425 INC
1969 West Bengal 80 / 280 CPI-M
1968 Haryana 48 / 81 INC
1967 Maharashtra 203 / 270 INC
1967 Andhra Pradesh 165 / 287 INC
1967 Assam 73 / 126 INC
1967 Bihar 128 / 318 INC
1967 Goa 16 / 30 MAG
1967 Gujarat 93 / 168 INC
1967 Haryana 48 / 81 INC
1967 Himachal Pradesh 34 / 60 INC
1967 Jammu and Kashmir 61 / 75 INC
1967 Kerala 52 / 133 CPM
1967 Manipur 16 / 30 INC
1967 Odisha 49 / 140 Swatantra Party
1967 Punjab 48 / 104 INC
1967 Rajasthan 89 / 184 INC
1967 Tamil Nadu 137 / 234 DMK
1967 Uttar pradesh 199 / 425 INC
1967 West Bengal 127 / 280 INC
1967 Karnataka 126 / 216 INC
1967 Madhya Pradesh 167 / 296 INC
1965 Kerala 40 / 133 CPI(M)
1964 Pondicherry 20 / 30 CONG
1962 Maharashtra 215 / 264 INC
1962 Andhra Pradesh 177 / 300 INC
1962 Assam 79 / 105 INC
1962 Gujarat 113 / 154 INC
1962 Jammu and Kashmir 70 / 75 NC
1962 Punjab 90 / 154 INC
1962 Rajasthan 88 / 176 INC
1962 Uttar pradesh 249 / 430 INC
1962 West Bengal 157 / 252 INC
1962 Karnataka 138 / 208 INC
1962 Madhya Pradesh 142 / 288 INC
1961 Odisha 82 / 140 INC
1960 Kerala 58 / 114 INC
1957 Andhra Pradesh 54 / 85 INC
1957 Assam 71 / 108 INC
1957 Kerala 55 / 114 CPI
1957 Odisha 56 / 140 INC
1957 Punjab 120 / 154 INC
1957 Rajasthan 119 / 176 INC
1957 Uttar pradesh 286 / 430 INC
1957 West Bengal 152 / 252 INC
1957 Karnataka 150 / 208 INC
1955 Andhra Pradesh 99 / 167 INC
1951 Assam 76 / 105 INC
1951 Delhi 39 / 48 INC
1951 Himachal Pradesh 24 / 36 INC
1951 Odisha 67 / 140 INC
1951 Punjab 96 / 126 INC
1951 Rajasthan 82 / 160 INC
1951 Uttar pradesh 388 / 430 INC
1951 West Bengal 150 / 238 INC
1951 Madhya Pradesh 194 / 232 INC

Lok Sabha Elections Timeline

Lok Sabha Elections 1951

Former PM Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
Former PM Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
1951

The first ever Lok Sabha Elections were held in 68 Phases between October 25, 1951 to February 21, 1952 after India became Independent. In the first elections, the INC won 364 seats of the 489 seats and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of India. In the Lok Sabha Elections 1951-52, the CPI won 16, SOC 12 and Others 97 out of 489 seats.

Lok Sabha Elections 1957

Former PM Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
Former PM Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
1957

The Second Election to the Lok Sabha was held from February 24 to June 9. The INC easily won a second term in power under the leadership of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, winning 371 of the 494 seats. The INC won nearly five times more votes than Communist Party, the second largest party that won 27 seats. In the Lok Sabha Elections 1957-58, the PSP won 19 and Others won 77 out of 494 seats.

Lok Sabha Elections 1962

Former PM Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
Former PM Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
1962

The Lok Sabha Elections 1962-63 were held in the month of February. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru won a third term as Prime Minister as INC won 361 of the 494 seats. However, Nehru died two years later in 1964 and was succeeded by Lal Bahadur Shastri, who also died while serving as the PM. In this 1962 to 1967 five-year term, India fought two wars with China and Pakistan.

Lok Sabha Elections 1967

Former PM Indira Gandhi (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
Former PM Indira Gandhi (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
1967

The Fourth Lok Sabha Election was held in 1967. Under the leadership of Indira Gandhi, the Indian National Congress won a fourth consecutive term by winning 283 of the 520 seats. However, the INC’s victory margin had gone lower than the results they had achieved in the previous three elections under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s leadership. In the Lok Sabha Elections 1967-68, the SWA won 44, BJS 35 and Others 158 out of 520 seats.

Lok Sabha Elections 1971

Former PM Indira Gandhi (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
Former PM Indira Gandhi (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
1971

The fifth Lok Sabha Elections, for the first time, took place a year before the normal five-year term of the government. The INC again won the elections under Indira Gandhi’s leadership by winning 352 of the 518 seats. This Fifth Lok Sabha Elections became one in the history of general elections of India with events like the formation of Bangladesh and India-Pakistan war of 1971. In the Lok Sabha Elections 1971-72, CPM won 25, CPI 23 and Others 118 out of 518 seats.

Lok Sabha Elections 1977

Former PM Morarji Desai (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
Former PM Morarji Desai (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
1977

In Lok Sabha elections 1977, for the first time, the Janta Alliance of Parties Opposed the Congress Party and won 298 of the 542 seats and Morarji Desai became the Prime Minister of India. Indira Gandhi’s Congress faced a big defeat. The party lost around 200 seats. In the Lok Sabha Elections 1977-78, INC won 153, CPM 22 and Others 69 out of 542.

Lok Sabha Elections 1980

Former PM Indira Gandhi (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
Former PM Indira Gandhi (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
1980

The seventh Lok Sabha Elections in 1980 witnessed the return of the Congress. The party defeated Janata Party and won 351 of the 542 seats to form the government with Indira Gandhi becoming the Prime Minister once again. The Janata Party faced massive defeat by winning 41 seats, CPM won 37 and Others won 100 out of 542 seats.

Lok Sabha Elections 1984

Former PM Rajiv Gandhi (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
Former PM Rajiv Gandhi (Photo Credits: Getty Images)
1984

The Lok Sabha Elections 1984 were held soon after the assassination of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The Polling in Assam and Punjab was delayed until 1985 due to revolts. In the 1984 General Elections, the Congress attained a landslide victory. The party won 414 of the 541 seats. Rajiv Gandhi, son of Indira Gandhi, became the Prime Minister of India. The TDP became the second largest party by winning 30 seats.

Lok Sabha Elections 1989

Former prime minister VP Singh (Photo Credits: PTI)
Former prime minister VP Singh (Photo Credits: PTI)
1989

The Lok Sabha Elections 1989 were held in the month of November. These elections saw a government led by the National Front of regional parties with outside support from the BJP. VP Singh was sworn in as the Prime Minister.

Lok Sabha Elections 1991

Former PM PV Narasimha Rao (Photo Credits: PTI)
Former PM PV Narasimha Rao (Photo Credits: PTI)
1991

The Lok Sabha Elections 1991 were held in the months of May and June after the assassination of former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi. The Congress emerged as the single largest party in this election, winning 256 seats out of 534 while the BJP won 121. The Congress formed the government with the help of allies and PV Narasimha Rao was sworn in as Prime Minister, giving a stable 5-year government.

Lok Sabha Elections 1996

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, IK Gujral, HD Deve Gowda (Photo Credits: File Image)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee, IK Gujral, HD Deve Gowda (Photo Credits: File Image)
1996

The Lok Sabha Elections 1996 were held in April and May. While the BJP, that won 161 seats, formed the NDA government with allies and Atal Bihari Vajpayee was sworn in as Prime Minister, he remained PM for just 13 days as he stepped down just before the floor test. This was followed by a non-Congress and non-BJP government, with outside support from the Congress. The country saw two more PMs - HD Deve Gowda and IK Gujral within the next few months.

Lok Sabha Elections 1998

Former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee (Photo Credits: PTI)
Former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee (Photo Credits: PTI)
1998

Lok Sabha Elections 1998 were held in the month of February. While the results of these polls threw a hung Parliament, the BJP, that won 182 seats, formed the NDA government with allies and Atal Bihari Vajpayee took oath as the Prime Minister.

Lok Sabha Elections 1999

Former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
Former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
1999

Lok Sabha Elections 1999 were held in April after the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government lost the vote of confidence in Parliament. The BJP won 182 seats in this election and went on to form the NDA government with allies. Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister of India for the third time after this poll.

Lok Sabha Elections 2004

Former PM Dr Manmohan Singh (Photo Credits: IANS)
Former PM Dr Manmohan Singh (Photo Credits: IANS)
2004

Lok Sabha Elections 2004 were held in four phases in the months of April and May. These polls saw the ouster of Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India as the Congress won 145 seats, emerging as the single largest party. The INC formed the UPA government with support from allies and Left and Dr Manmohan Singh was sworn in as the Prime Minister. The BJP won 138 seats in this election.

Lok Sabha Elections 2009

Manmohan Singh takes oath as PM (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
Manmohan Singh takes oath as PM (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
2009

Lok Sabha Elections 2009 were held in five phases in the months of April and May. These elections saw a second continuous term for Dr Manmohan Singh as the Prime Minister as the Congress won 206 seats and formed the UPA government with the help of allies. The BJP won 116 seats in 2009.

Lok Sabha Elections 2014

Narendra Modi takes oath as PM of India in 2014 (Photo Credits: PIB)
Narendra Modi takes oath as PM of India in 2014 (Photo Credits: PIB)
2014

Lok Sabha Elections 2014 were held in the months of March and April and voting took place in nine phases across the country. A voter turnout of 66.38 per cent was recorded in the 2014 polls. The BJP attained full majority in these polls, winning 282 seats while the Congress was brought down to just 44 seats. Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India in 2014 and took oath to lead the NDA government.

Political Parties in India

India follows a multi-party system. Political parties in India are mainly categorised into two types — national party and regional party. While national level parties (such as Indian National Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Samajwadi Party, Aam Aadmi Party etc) contest the elections all over India, the regional ones (such as Shiv Sena, AIADMK, Akali Dal etc) only fight the polls within the state they belong to. A state can have a number of regional parties.

The status of all the parties has to be reviewed and registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Based on a party's objective, it is recognised as a national or state level party. An Election Commission-recognised party enjoys a symbol, free broadcast time on state run television and radio among other privileges. Currently, there are a total number of 1841 parties in India, with 7 national parties, 51 state parties, and 1785 unrecognised parties.

For a party to be recognised as a national party, it needs to have "2% of seats in the Sabha from at least three different states", recognition in four states, and "6% of votes in four states in the Lok Sabha polls". For a state party to be recognised, it should have 3% seats in the Legislative Assembly, one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats, six percent valid votes polled during Lok Sabha polls, and at least one Lok Sabha seat among others.

Some of the unrecognised parties include: Amra Bangali, Bahujan Republican Socialist Party, Jai Samaikyandhra Party, Kerala Congress (Jacob),and Param Digvijay Dal.

No. Party Symbol Abbreviation
1 Aam Aadmi Party
Aam Aadmi Party
AAP
2 Shiv Sena
Shiv Sena
SS
3 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
DMK
4 Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party
MGP
5 Asom Gana Parishad
Asom Gana Parishad
AGP
6 Indian National Lok Dal
Indian National Lok Dal
INLD
7 Shiromani Akali Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
SAD
8 Rashtriya Janata Dal
Rashtriya Janata Dal
RJD
9 Telugu Desam Party
Telugu Desam Party
TDP
10 Communist Party of India Marxist (CPIM)
Communist Party of India Marxist (CPIM)
CPIM
11 Janata Dal (United)
Janata Dal (United)
JDU
12 Samajwadi Party
Samajwadi Party
SP
13 All India Trinamool Congress
All India Trinamool Congress
TMC
14 Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
PDP
15 National Conference
National Conference
JKNC
16 Nationalist Congress Party
Nationalist Congress Party
NCP
17 Biju Janata Dal
Biju Janata Dal
BJD
18 All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
AIMIM
19 Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Telangana Rashtra Samithi
TRS
*Disclaimer: Facts and numbers placed above have been sourced from official election websites. LatestLY does not take responsibility for the same.
2020 Assembly Elections Updates

The Election Commission of India declared the final outcome of Delhi assembly elections 2020, with the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) declared the winner from 62 seats and the BJP from 8. The Congress ended up drawing a blank.

Delhi Congress chief Subhash Chopra, who had recently taken over as the party's state unit chief ahead of the Delhi assembly elections 2020, resigned on Tuesday. His exit came shortly after the party drew a blank in the assembly polls.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated AAP chief Arvind Kejriwal for the victory in Delhi assembly elections 2020. "Congratulations to AAP and Shri @ArvindKejriwal Ji for the victory in the Delhi Assembly Elections. Wishing them the very best in fulfilling the aspirations of the people of Delhi," the PM tweeted.

Top Congress leader Rahul Gandhi congratulated Delhi Chief Minister and Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) convener Arvind Kejriwal on the party's thumping victory in the Delhi assembly elections 2020. "My best wishes & congratulations to Mr Kejriwal and the AAP on winning the Delhi Assembly elections (sic)," he said.

Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal reaches Hanuman Mandir along with Manish Sisodia to thank Lord Hanuman. The AAP has won the Delhi Assembly Elections 2020, getting 63 seats while the BJP has got 7.

Manoj Tiwari speaks to the media as BJP loses Delhi Assembly Elections 2020. "I thank the people of Delhi. I congratulate Arvind Kejriwal. I hope he will work for the welfare of Delhi. I want to tell BJP workers to not lose hope. The good thing is that our vote share has increased," Tiwari said. 

The BJP has conceded defeat. Delhi BJP chief Manoj Tiwari has congratulated Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal and is expected to hold a news briefing at 4:30 pm.

RJD leader Tejashwi Yadav on Delhi Assembly Elections 2020 Results: I congratulate Arvind Kejriwal. The mandate given by the people of Delhi has shown that they will vote on work and development.

Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray: I congratulate Arvind Kejriwal and the people of Delhi for AAP's victory in Delhi Polls2020. People have shown that the country will be run by 'Jan Ki Baat', not 'Mann Ki Baat'. BJP called Kejriwal a terrorist but couldn't defeat him.

Delhi CM and AAP chief Arvind Kejriwal is addressing party workers. He says, "Delhi people, I Love You. I want to thank the people of Delhi for trusting their son for the third time."

Delhi CM and AAP chief Arvind Kejriwal has reached the party headquarters as workers celebrate with balloons, colour and music. He is on stage with winning MLAs and his wife Sunita.

The latest update shows AAP at 63 and BJP at 7. Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal is soon going to address party workers on the party's victory in the national capital.

AAP leader and Delhi Deputy CM Manish Sisodia takes out a roadshow to celebrate the party's performance in Delhi Polls 2020. He won by over 2,000 votes from Patparganj Assembly Constituency.

Aam Aadmi Party's Manish Sisodia after winning from Patparganj seat: "I am happy to become the MLA from Patparganj assembly constituency again. BJP tried to do politics of hate but people of Delhi chose a government that works for the people."

Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal will speak to the AAP cadre at 3 pm at the party headquarters. The AAP is at 62 while the BJP is down to 8.

AAP leader and Delhi Deputy CM Manish Sisodia has won the Patparganj seat after a tight battle. Meanwhile, the AAP is ahead on 62 seats, BJP on 8.

AAP candidate Atishi has won from the Kalkaji seat. The AAP is now ahead on 61 seats, BJP on 9.

The numbers have changed again and the AAP is now leading on 61 seats as per the EC update. The BJP is leading on 9 seats.

BIG update. The AAP is now leading on 60 seats while the BJP has come down to 10. 

With Manish Sisodia taking lead on the Patparganj seat and Atishi now taking a big lead on the Kalkaji seat, the AAP is now leading on 59 seats, BJP on 11.

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal celebrated AAP's victory as well as his wife Sunita's birthday with a cake-cutting session.

As per fresh reports, Delhi Deputy CM and AAP leader Manish Sisodia is now leading on the Patparganj seat by about 700 votes. He was earlier trailing on this seat.

AAP MP Sanjay Singh tweets, "2 crore family members of Delhi have shown that their son Arvind Kejriwal is not a terrorist, but a true patriot. We bow our head to the great people of Delhi for giving us victory with a great majority."

It's early Holi at the AAP headquarters as party workers celebrate their victory. As per the latest numbers, the AAP is leading on 56 seats, the BJP is leading on 14.

West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee called up Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal to congratulate him. The AAP is leading on 58 seats while the BJP is ahead on 12. Meanwhile, AAP's Atishi is now trailing by a narrow margin.

Prashant Kishor, Head of the IPAC, the brain behind the AAP's 2020 Election campaign, tweets as the party gets set for victory. "Thank you, Delhi for standing up to protect the soul of India!"

As per the latest numbers on the Election Commission website, the AAP is leading on 57 seats while the BJP is ahead on 13. Meanwhile, AAP's voteshare is 53.2% while the BJP's is 39.1% as of now.

This could be a setback for the AAP. Deputy CM Manish Sisodia is now trailing from Patparganj by more than 1,000 votes. BJP's Ravinder Singh Negi is leading.

As per the latest update, AAP's Atishi, who was trailing, is now leading from the Kalkaji seat. Manish Sisodia, meanwhile, is leading from the Patparganj, but by a margin of less than 100 votes. The AAP is now leading on 56 seats while the BJP is ahead on 14.

As per the latest trends, both on TV channels and the Election Commission website, the AAP is leading on 56 seats while the BJP is ahead on 14.

As per the EC website, the AAP is leading on 47 seats while the BJP is leading on 19. Meanwhile, there are about 21 seats where the margin of leading candidates is less than 1,000 votes. The AAP is trailing on some of its key seats including Kalkaji and Okhla.

As per trends on the Election Commission website, too, the AAP has now crossed the half-way mark in leads. The AAP is leading on 39 seats while the BJP is ahead in 19.

As per latest trends, on 21 out of 70 seats, the margin is less than 1,000 votes. The trends on TV channels show AAP leading on 50 seats, BJP on 20. 

The trends on the Election Commission website show that the AAP is leading on 18 seats while the BJP is ahead on 11.

As per fresh trends, AAP's Atishi is now trailing on the Kalkaji seat while the BJP's Dharambir Singh is leading. AAP leading on 53 seats, BJP on 17.

As per the trends on the Election Commission website, the AAP is leading on 7 seats, the BJP is ahead on 6. 

Tajinder Pal Bagga is now trailing from the Hari Nagar seat. The AAP is now leading on 57 seats while the BJP is ahead on 13 seats.

Congress has now lost the lone lead it had in the initial trends. The AAP has taken the lead in Ballimaran now. As per latest trends: AAP 56, BJP 14

Fresh lead in favour of the BJP. Tajinder Pal Bagga is now leading on the Hari Nagar seat. As per the fresh trends - AAP 55, BJP 14, Congress 1

Some of the biggest names of the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) are leading from their respective seats as per the trends. CM Arvind Kejriwal is leading from the New Delhi seat, Manish Sisodia is leading from the Patparganj seat, Atishi is leading from Kalkaji seat.

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has reached the AAP office as the party is now leading on 54 seats. The trends are showing a comfortable victory for the AAP.

There are celebrations already taking place at the Aam Aadmi Party office as the party leads on 46 seats as per the initial trends. The BJP is leading on 11 seats, the Congress on 1. 

The AAP has crossed the half-way mark in initial trends and is leading in 38 seats. The BJP is ahead in 10 seats while the Congress is leading on 2.

The initial leads so far are in favour of the AAP even as the BJP seems to be gaining from its 2015 number. The AAP is now leading on 25 seats while the BJP is ahead in 9 and to everyone's surprise, Congress is leading on 3 seats as per fresh trends. 

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The first trends are in. The AAP and BJP are leading on one seat each. Counting of votes is underway. 

Counting of votes has begun for all 70 Vidhan Sabha seats. The first trends for Delhi Assembly Election Results 2020 are expected to be out shortly.

Delhi Deputy Chief Minister and AAP leader Manish Sisodia offered prayers at his residence ahead of counting of votes for assembly elections 2020. Speaking to the media, he said, "We are nervous and it's human tendency to be nervous. We will start work immediately after winning."

Manoj Tiwari, BJP Delhi Chief to Media: I am not nervous. I am confident that it will be a good day for BJP. We are coming to power in Delhi today. Don't be surprised if we win 55 seats.

Delhi Traffic Police Updates on road closures for counting of votes: 

Traffic movement will remain closed on Muni Maya Ram Marg near Guru Nanak Dev Institute of Technology (both carriageways) due to vote counting today.

Traffic movement will remain closed on Road number 224 Dwarka from sector 7/9 crossing towards sector 9/10 crossing due to counting.

Traffic movement is closed from Muni Maya Ram Marg to Kasturba Gandhi polytechnic college Pitampura due to vote counting. Motorists are advised to take alternate route via Netaji Subhash Marg and Shalimar Bagh.

Traffic movement is closed from Maharani Bagh to C.V. Raman Marg & Mata Mandir to C.V. Raman Marg (Both Carriageways) due to vote counting.

BJP leader Vijay Goel offered prayers at Hanuman Temple in Connaught Place. Speaking to media channels, he said that he is confident that the BJP will form the government in Delhi.

It's D-Day for Delhi as the counting of votes for the Assembly Elections 2020 is set to begin at 8 AM. While the BJP is confident that it will win, the AAP is expecting a second term. The exit polls have predicted an AAP win. Will that happen or will the BJP surprise everyone? Where does the Congress lie in all this? Stay with us for quick updates on Delhi Assembly Elections 2020 results.

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