New Delhi, August 7: Muslims across the globe will be celebrating Eid al-Adha, also referred to as Eid ul Zuha or Bakra Eid in some parts of the world, on August 11-12. The festival is considered among the two major festivals in Islam -- the other being Eid al-Fitr which is preceded by month-long dawn-to-dusk fasting.
Significant to note, however, is that there are other types of Eids as well. Some of them do not evoke the same sentiment of festivity, whereas, others are not observed by major sects and sub-sects within Islam. Dhul Hijjah Crescent Sighted, Bakrid on August 12 in India, Pakistan & Bangladesh
Types of Eid Celebrated by Muslims Around The Year
This is the most popular Eid celebration by Muslims, in which Islamic believers of all sects and school of thoughts celebrate enmasse. The festival is observed immediately after the month of Ramadan ul Kareem, also referred to as Ramzan, in which Muslims are mandated to fast from dawn to dusk. As per the Islamic lunar calendar, Eid al-Fitr is celebrated on the 1st date of Shawwal. As per the English calender, it was celebrated on June 3-4 this year year.
This Eid is celebrated on the 10th date of Dhul Hijjah -- final month of the year as per the Islamic calendar. On the occasion of Eid al-Adha, financially-able Muslims are mandated to sacrifice a cattle and distribute its meat among their neighbours, relatives and the poor, apart from retaining a portion for themselves. It also during the month of Dhul Hijjah when Muslims, who are financially able, are under the compulsion to undertake the Hajj pilgrimage once in their lifetime.
On the 18th of Dhul Hijjah, Shia Muslims celebrate Eid-e-Ghadeer, also referred to as Ghadir Khumm. On this date in 632 CE, Prophet Muhammad (saw) delivered his final sermon in which he said: "Man Kunto Maula, Fa Haza Ali Un Maula (Ali is the leader of those whose leader I am)". The date, as per the English calender, will fall on August 18 this year. The sermon is recalled by Shias as well as a section of Sufi Sunni Muslims to stress that Maula Ali (as) was one of the legitimate successors of the Holy Prophet.
In the subcontinent region, the day is also referred to as "Murdo Ki Eid (Eid of the deceased)" as Muslims pray throughout the night on this date to seek forgiveness for themselves and their forefathers who have passed away. The festival is observed on the 15th of Shabaan -- the Islamic month preceding Ramzan. As per the English calender, it was celebrated on the intervening night of April 8-9 this year.
For Sunni Muslims adhering to various Sufi school of thoughts, this is the biggest festival in Islam as it marks the birth anniversary of Prophet Muhammad (saw). The Islamic date is 15th Rabi-ul-Awwal, and as per the English calender, it will be observed in the second week of November this year.