The U.S. secretary of state Mike Pompeo in a speech at the Heritage Foundation in Washington, DC has set out 12 new conditions for Tehran for a new nuclear treaty. Pompeo also said U.S. sanctions lifted after the 2015 deal would be re-imposed, and those and new measures would together constitute "unprecedented financial pressure on the Iranian regime".
Pompeo did not say what new measures Washington was contemplating but described sanctions imposed last week on the head of Iran's central bank as "just the beginning"
Here is a look at the demands put forward by the Trump Administration:
- Declare to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) a full account of the prior military dimensions of its nuclear programme and permanently and verifiably abandon such work in perpetuity.
- Stop enrichment and never pursue plutonium reprocessing, including closing its heavy water reactor.
- Provide the IAEA with unqualified access to all sites throughout the entire country.
- End its proliferation of ballistic missiles and halt further launching or development of nuclear-capable missile systems.
- Release all US citizens as well as citizens of US partners and allies.
- End support to Middle East "terrorist" groups, including Hezbollah, Hamas and Islamic Jihad.
- Respect the sovereignty of the Iraqi government and permit the disarming, demobilisation and reintegration of Shia militias.
- End its military support for the Houthi rebels and work towards a peaceful, political settlement in Yemen.
- Withdraw all forces under Iran's command throughout the entirety of Syria.
- End support for the Taliban and other "terrorists" in Afghanistan and the region and cease harbouring senior al-Qaeda leaders.
- End the Islamic Revolutionary Guard corps-linked Quds Force's support for "terrorists" and "militant" partners around the world.
- End its threatening behaviour against its neighbours, many of whom are U.S. allies, including its threats to destroy Israel and its firing of missiles at Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and threats to international shipping and destructive cyber-attacks.
Iran's Foreign Minister Javad Zarif has condemned the U.S. and he said, Pompeo’s speech showed the U.S. was a prisoner of its "failed policies" and it would suffer the consequences. EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini also criticised the U.S. saying there was no alternative to the Iran deal that the other signatories are trying to salvage after U.S. Donald Trump chose to walk out of the nuclear agreement.