New Delhi/Islamabad/Tehran: Muslims in India, Pakistan, Iran and South Asia will attempt to sight the moon this evening to mark the begining of Muharram 1440, the first month of Islamic calender. If the moon is sighted, the month of Muharram will begin from Tuesday, September 11. If the moon is not sighted, Dhu al-Hijjah month will complete 30 days, and Muharram will start from Wednesday, September 12. Catch live updates on Muharram moon sighting here.
A new month in the Islamic lunar calendar begins the with a sighting of the moon on 29th of every month. If the moon is not sighted on 29th, that month completes 30 days. Muslims in India, Iran, Pakistan and South Asia will look for the moon this evening which is the 29th of Dhu al-Hijjah. Depending on the moon sighting, Muharram will either begin from September 11 or September 12. The sight of the moon will determine the date for the start of Muharram 2018. Muharram 2018: Date of Observance in Iran & Saudi Arabia, Relevance, Importance and Key Facts About the 1st Month of Islamic New Year.
Ruet-e-Hilal Committees (moon sighting committee) in India, Pakistan and other South Asian countries will meet this eveing and decided the final date for Muharram. The tenth day of Muharram is known as the Day of Ashura. Hence, if Muharram begins from September 11, Ashura will be on September 20. If Muharram begins from September 12, Ashura will be on September 21. Muharram is one of the four sacred months that is mentioned in the Quran.
Shia Muslims mourn the death of Imam Hussein and his family members on the day of Ashura. Imam Hussein was the grandson of prophet Mohammed. The mourning gets momentum in last few days as Imam Hussein and his family members were deprived of water from the 7th onward, and on the 10th of Muharram, Imam Hussain and 72 of his followers were killed by the army of Yazid I at the Battle of Karbala.