Mothers with chances of delivering prematurely who are given antenatal corticosteroid therapy run a risk of birthing underweight babies.
"Brain surgery of a baby of such low weight has not been done before in the country. This requires very careful consideration and specialised equipment for anaesthesia."
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a dynamic, time-bound disease that is not present at birth.
The baby was born in a private hospital called the Rainbow Children's hospital of Hyderabad, only weighed 375 grams after birth and is palm-sized.
It may sometimes happen when the foetal immune system "wakes up" too early and begins to reject the mother, causing the uterus to start contracting.
The study concluded that with the growing use of ART, there is an urgent need to develop a National ART Surveillance System in India.