Every year World Lupus Day is celebrated on May 10 and the day is dedicated to the global health problem, lupus. The autoimmune disease is known to affect any part of the body in any way at any time. The disease can be unpredictable and have varying impacts on your body. The day aims at increasing awareness about the disease also help people dealing with the autoimmune condition. The condition is also known as systemic lupus erythematosus and it impacts one's immune system, which is our body's defence mechanism. Our immune system works towards protecting our body from infections and illnesses. When a person has lupus, their immune system attacks tissues in different parts of the body.

Causes of Lupus

The exact cause of lupus is unknown, however, women of childbearing age which is 14 to 45 years old are known to be more susceptible to Lupus. They are affected and as many as 1 in 250 people making a big portion of all Lupus patients. It is being studied if the female hormone has something to do with this. Some unknown factor is said to triggers the immune system to attack various areas of the body aka the cells and tissues. One of the most reliable methods of treating this ailment is by suppressing the immune system. Researchers are looking for causes that may cause the immune system to aggravate and act in a dangerous way.  However, some of the probable factors may include viruses, environmental chemicals and also a person's genetic makeup.

What Are the Symptoms of Lupus?

The symptoms of lupus are not same for everyone as they depend on the part of body Lupus has affected.  While some people may not have a lot of symptoms, some may have more. There may also be cases with less apparent symptoms. However, here are  some common symptoms :

  • Pain in the joints aka arthralgia
  • Swelling in the joints
  • Unexplained fever above 100 F
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Rashes on the skin
  • Fluid accumulation and swelling in the ankles
  • Pleurisy
  • A butterfly-shaped rash
  • Hair loss
  • Seizures
  • Sores
  • Raynaud's phenomenon

About 10-15 percent of people with lupus die prematurely due to complications of lupus. However, the improved diagnosis and disease management, has provided most people with the disease a better life.

(The above story first appeared on LatestLY on May 10, 2020 08:00 AM IST. For more news and updates on politics, world, sports, entertainment and lifestyle, log on to our website latestly.com).