Mountains are beautiful landforms that secure territories and play a big role in maintaining the water cycle of the region. International Mountain Day is observed on December 11 annually to raise awareness about the importance of mountains and focus on its well being. The day tries to make people aware of the role of mountains in the environment and its impact on life. The theme for International Mountain Day 2019 is 'Mountains matter for Youth'. As we observe International Mountain Day 2019, we bring to you top five mountain ranges around the world that you must see before you die! These mountains are popular tourist destinations and get visitors from across the world. International Mountain Day 2019 Date & Theme: History, Facts and Significance of the UN Observance Day That Highlights the Importance of Mountains.
The theme for this year focuses on the fact that living in the mountains can be tough for the youth. The increasing focus to the importance of mountains led the United Nations to declare to 2002 as the UN International Year of Mountains. The first international day was celebrated for the first time the following year, 2003.
The Himalayas is a form of a mountain range in Asia which separates the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. It is a beautiful fold mountain which extends for about 2500 km between Indus and Brahmaputra gorges from west to east in an arc-shaped manner. Mount Everest at 8,848 metres is the highest peak. The Himalayas play an important role in the determination of the climate of the Indian Subcontinent.
Great Dividing Range
Australia' Great Dividing Range includes plateaus and low mountain ranges across the Queensland coasts, New South Wales and Victoria. It scenic ranges extend to some 3,700 miles from the Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, to the Grampians in Victoria Bass Strait between Australia and Tasmania. Mount Kosciuszko at 2,228 metres is the highest peak in the ranges. Tree kangaroos, bird-wing butterflies, acacias, eucalyptus, hummock grasses, flowering plants, including banksias are found there.
Atlas mountain ranges in northwestern Africa run from southwest to northeast across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. The mesmerising mountains extend more than 2,000 kms from the Moroccan port of Agadir in the southwest to the Tunisian capital of Tunis in the northeast. Mount Toubkal at 4,165 meters is the highest point in the Atlas Mountains. The flora and fauna of the region include jackals, monkeys, boards, oak wood, and cork oaks.
The stunning Alps mountain ranges extend between for 1,200 kms between Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, and Verona, Italy and are prominent in Western Europe. Mont Blanc at 4,807 meters is the highest peak in the Alps. Ibex, wild goat, brown bear, vultures, oak trees, fir, larch, and pine, edelweiss, alpine rose and heather are found there.
The Rocky Mountain Range situated in western North America, stretches more 4,800 km from the northernmost part of British Columbia, in western Canada, to New Mexico, in the Southwestern United States. Mount Elbert which stands at 4,401 m is the highest peak. Protected by public parks and forest lands, Rocky Mountains is a popular tourist destination and has activities including hiking, camping, mountaineering, fishing, hunting, mountain biking, skiing, and snowboarding.
Mountains have control over the climate of any region. Along with being the source of rivers, they are deciders of rain and mood of the region which affects agriculture and thus the food supply. However, the climate crisis resulting from global warming have largely affected the state of mountains in the world today and there is an urgent need to save it. This International Mountains Day 2019, let's take a pledge to take care of our mountains and save it for the future generation.