New Delhi, March 25: The Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR) held a Voter survey ahead of the 2019 Lok Sabha Elections. ADR claims that it surveyed the largest number of voters for the report to find the "Top 10 Governance Issues" before the 2019 Lok Sabha Elections. The report mentioned that the survey was held taking into account over 2.7 lakh respondents. The survey covered almost all the constituencies of the Lok Sabha. Amid No Jobs Chorus, Modi Govt Claims Over 3.79 Lakh New Jobs in Government Departments.
The survey makes it clear that the Indian voters prioritize employment and basic amenities like Healthcare, drinking water, better roads etc above all governance issues. Rahul Gandhi Explains Congress' Minimum Income Guarantee Scheme, Promises 'Rs 72,000 Per Year to 20% Most Poor Families'.
The Top 10 Voters' Priorities and the Percentage is Given Below:
1. Better Employment Opportunities - 46.80 per cent
2. Better Hospitals/Primary Healthcare Centres - 34.60 per cent
3. Drinking Water - 30.50 per cent
4. Better Roads - 28.34 per cent
5. Better Public Transport - 27.35 per cent
6. Availability of Water for Agriculture - 26. 40 per cent
7. Agriculture Loan Availability - 25.62 per cent
8. Higher Price Realization for Farm Products- 25. 41 per cent
9. Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilisers - 25.06 per cent
10. Better Law and Order/Policing - 23.95 per cent
As far as the rural voters are concerned, 44.21 per cent rural voters voted for ‘Better Employment Opportunities’ as their utmost priority. Unsurprisingly, the next five top priorities are all related to agriculture such as: Availability of Water for Agriculture (40.62%), Agricultural Loan Availability (39.42%), Higher Price realization for farm products (39.09%), Agriculture Subsidy for seeds/fertilisers (38.56%) and Electricity for Agriculture (36.62%).
The survey was conducted between October 2018 and December 2018, prior to the General Elections to the Lok Sabha 2019. It covered 534 Lok Sabha constituencies with 2,73,487 voters participating in this exercise spread among various demographics.
The purpose of the Democratic Reforms (ADR) commissioned survey were to identify the following: (i) voters’ priorities on specific governance issues, (ii) voters’ ratings of the government's performance on those issues, and (iii) factors affecting voting behaviour, as mentioned by the survey report.