Vishwakarma Jayanti is also called as Vishwakarma Day which marks the birth of the Hindu God. Vishwakarma is considered a divine architect who created this universe. Vishwakarma Jayanti is celebrated on September 17 and the day is celebrated in great fervour in the states of Karnataka, Assam, West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh by performing puja. Vishwakarma is immensely respected for his creation of the world and also the magnificent weapons for the gods. He is considered a divine carpenter. Vishwakarma Jayanti is celebrated on Kanya Sankranti i.e. when the Lord Surya leaves Leo zodiac sign and enters Virgo sign. Here's the history and significance of the puja along with the shubh muhurat and timings to perform the puja.
History of Vishwakarma Puja
According to legends, Lord Vishwakarma was born because of sea churn (Samudra Manthan) which was carried out by Gods and Devils together. Hindu mythology and scriptures state that Lord Vishwakarma created the whole world. He is said to have constructed the Holy city of Dwaraka which was ruled by Lord Krishna. He is mentioned in the Rig Veda and is credited with Sthapatya Veda, the science of mechanics and architecture. It is also believed that most of the mythological architectures are the handiwork of Vishwakarma such as Swarg Lok and Lanka. He is also the architect of the powerful weapon carried by Indra which is known as the Vajra. Other popular mythological architectures which have been built by Vishwakarma are the Indraprastha, grand palace of the Pandavas in Mahabharata and Hastinapur or the abode of the Kauravas.
Significance of Vishwakarma Puja
Since Vishwakarma is the God of architecture and engineering, every year Hindus celebrate the Vishwakarma puja with great zeal. Usually people organise a puja at their factories and industrial areas. As a mark of reverence, Vishwakarma puja is observed by engineers, architects, artisans, mechanics, smiths, factory workers and others. On this day, the workers take a break from work and all the machines are worshipped. The puja is a resolution time for all the workers and craftsmen to increase their productivity. People pray to the Lord of architecture for a better future and safe working conditions. They seek blessings from the Lord to excel in their respective fields. Statues and pictures of Lord Vishwakarma are also installed in factories and offices. Vishwakarma is also observed a day after Diwali with Govardhan Puja in the month of October-November.
Vishwakarma Puja Timing & Puja Vidhi
The Vishwakarma puja falls on the last day of the Bengali month of Bhadra which is also known as Bhadra Sankranti or Kanya Sankranti. As per DrikPanchang, the Sankranti moment or time to perform the puja is 07:01. The puja is started by placing a statue or an image of Lord Vishwakarma at the workplace. Devotees should take bath before sitting for the puja and remember Lord Vishnu in their minds at the time of the puja. At many places, yajna is organised to celebrate the day. People also tie a Raksha sutra or the holy thread in their hand to remember Lord Vishwakarma. Offering of the water, vermillion, flower and sweet is done to the machinery. The offering of the prasad is then distributed among the people after the puja is complete.
The festival is most importantly celebrated in the industrial topography and among the factories especially on the floor of the shop or manufacturing head office. The Lord Vishwakarma is worshipped for the safety of the factory, manufacturing units, machineries and betterment of the people working over there.