Chhattisgarh Formation Day 2019: History and Significance of the State Created in 2000
Chhattisgarh Formation Day 2019. (Photo Credits: File Image)

Raipur, October 31: November 1 marks the foundation or formation day of the state of Chhattisgarh. The centre-eastern state of Chhattisgarh in India celebrates its formation day on November 1 every year. Chhattisgarh was carved out of the state of Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 2000. It is the ninth largest state in India with 135,194 sq kms of the area and has a population of about 25.5 million. This will be the 18th anniversary of the state of Chhattisgarh.

Chhattisgarh has 27 districts and five divisions namely Bastar, Bilaspur, Durg, Raipur and Surguja. It is the 17th most populated state in India.

History of Chhattisgarh:

The centre-eastern state borders Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in the northeast, Maharashtra in the southwest, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh in the south and Odisha in the southeast. In ancient times, it was known as Dakshina Kosala. The name Chhattisgarh became popular during the time of the Maratha Empire and was first used in an official document in 1795.

The Chhattisgarh region had been part of the Chedi dynasty of Kalinga. In the medieval period up to 1803, a major part of present eastern Chhattisgarh was part of the Sambalpur Kingdom of Odisha.

Significance of Chhattisgarh Formation Day 2019:

Grand celebrations are conducted in the state of Chhattisgarh on November 1 and the Chhattisgarh Rajyotsava is celebrated. The celebrations to mark the 18th state foundation day, will be celebrated in Naya Raipur, like every year. While the celebrations will be held for five days at the sprawling Rajyotsav Sthal in Naya Raipur, the upcoming new capital, remaining 26 district headquarters will witness celebrations for three days.