World Thrombosis Day 2018: Objective and Significance of the Day, and Risk Factors of The Clot-Forming Condition
World Thrombosis day 2018. (Photo Credit: WikiCommons)

Thrombosis refers to a condition caused by the blood clots, known as thrombus, inside a blood vessel. It's a misunderstood problem, about which the world needs a tremendous amount of awareness. The complex disease refers to multiple conditions caused by the clotting of blood. Although it may not seem like a serious problem, thrombosis can cause disability and even death. Every year on October 13th, World Thrombosis Day is observed to create a better understanding of this overlooked condition.

What is Thrombosis?

Thrombosis includes the obstruction or blockage of veins and arteries. The function of the veins is to carry the blood from the body back into the heart, whereas, arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body. However, you may suffer from deadly consequences because of Thrombosis or could be disabled. In a healthy body, blood clots play an important role in stopping the blood when there is a cut or a damage. The blood platelets and red blood cells surrounding the cut come together making a fibrin, which further causes a blood clot that stops the blood from flowing. While venous thrombosis is when the blood clot obstructs a vein, and arterial thrombosis is when the blood clot obstructs arteries. Causes, Symptoms And Treatment of Haemophilia.

Objectives of World Thrombosis Day

World Thrombosis Day (WTD) is observed every year on the13th of October and the objective of this exclusive day dedicated to the condition Thrombosis is to hold educational events in countries around the world to explain this disease. Shifting focus towards thrombosis as an urgent and growing health problem, is the need of the hour but on the contrast, equally less acknowledged the disease is. The objective includes highlighting the burden of disease, improving the rate of public awareness of the significance, risks, signs and symptoms of thrombosis and to empower people to talk about the disease.

Watch the video for a deeper understanding of thrombosis:

Risk Factors That Cause Thrombosis

There are various risk factors that contribute to causing thrombosis and are often ignored. Here are a few such causes.

  1. Immobilisation of certain body parts to promote healing.
  2. Vessel wall damage
  3. Hypercoagulability(is an abnormality of blood coagulation )
  4. Increased Age
  5. Surgery (usually orthopaedic surgeries)
  6. Heredity causes
  7. Cancer
  8. Pregnancy
  9. Hormonal imbalances (Increased estrogen levels)
  10. Obesity
  11. Crohn’s Disease
  12. Smoking

On a positive note, there have been clinical trials are research studies done on this disease that is advancing towards finding out the new devices, drugs, or other treatment to help make the overall process of treating the patient better.